Coastal state parks and resident caiçara communities:
considerations on the alternatives proposed by the management plan
The study intends to carry out an analysis of marine-coastal spaces, as spaces that present vulnerability in the face of climate change, reflecting on the overlapping of conservation unit areas of integral protection and territories182 occupied by traditional communities, asking about the possibilities and limits to resolve this conflict. For that, we will take as an example the State of São Paulo, where the creation of Integral Protection Conservation Unit of the Atlantic Forest did not take into account the territory occupied by traditional communities. For a better understanding of the problem, a bibliographic review was carried out on the traditional environmentalist / preservationist theory and the conservationist theory driven by the socio-environmentalist movement. Subsequently, a survey was carried out of the decrees for the creation of coastal parks in the State of São Paulo and of the respective management plans concluded and approved, to ascertain the purpose for which the parks were created and to identify whether the socio-environmental aspect was taken into account. The analysis of the Management Plans had the objective of verifying which were the “exits” pointed out to solve the apparent incompatibility between the category of Integral Protection Conservation Unit - Park that does not allow the existence of a human population and the existence, in fact, of traditionally occupied territories.